34.1.1 A personal foul is a player’s contact foul with an opponent, whether the ball is live or dead. A player shall not hold, block, push, charge, trip or impede the progress of an opponent by extending his hand, arm, elbow, shoulder, hip, leg, knee or foot, nor by bending his body into an 'abnormal' position (outside his cylinder), nor shall he indulge in any rough or violent play.
A personal foul shall be charged against the offender.
34.2.1 If the foul is committed on a player not in the act of shooting:
- The game shall be resumed with a throw-in by the non-offending team at the place nearest to the infraction.
- If the offending team is in a team foul penalty situation, then Art. 41 (Team fouls: Penalty) will apply.
34.2.2 If the foul is committed on a player in the act of shooting, that player shall be awarded a number of free throw(s) as follows:
- If the shot from the field goal area is successful, the goal shall count and, in addition, one (1) free throw.
- If the shot from the two-point field goal area is unsuccessful, two (2) free throws.
- If the shot from the three-point field goal area is unsuccessful, three (3) free throws.
- If the player is fouled as, or just before, the game clock signal sounds for the end of the period or as, or just before, the twenty-four (24) second clock signal sounds, while the ball is still in the player's hand(s) and the field goal is successful, the goal shall not count and two (2) or three (3) free throws will be awarded.