Technical Foul

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38.1 Rules of conduct

38.1.1 The proper conduct of the game demands the full and loyal cooperation of the players and team bench personnel with the officials, table officials and commissionner, if present.

38.1.2 Each team shall do its best to secure victory, but this must be done in the spirit of sportsmanship and fair play.

38.1.3 Any deliberate or repeated non-cooperation or non-compliance with the spirit and intent of this rule shall be considered as a technical foul.

38.1.4 The official may prevent technical fouls by giving warnings or even overlooking minor infractions which are obviously unintentional and have no direct effect upon the game, unless there is repetition of the same infraction after the warning.

38.1.5 If an infraction is recognised after the ball becomes live, the game shall be stopped and a technical foul charged. The penalty shall be administered as if the technical foul had occurred at the time it is charged. Whatever occurred during the interval between the infraction and the game being stopped shall remain valid.

38.2 Violence

38.2.1 Acts of violence may occur during the game, contrary to the spirit of sportsmanship and fair play. These should be stopped immediately by the officials and, if necessary, by public order enforcement officers.

38.2.2 Whenever acts of violence occur involving players or team bench personnel on the playing court or in its vicinity, the officials shall take the necessary action to stop them.

38.2.3 Any of the above persons who are guilty of flagrant acts of aggression against opponents or officials shall be disqualified. The referee must report the incident to the organising body of the competition.

38.2.4 Public order enforcement officers may enter the playing court only if requested to do so by the officials. However, should spectators enter the playing court with the obvious intention of committing acts of violence, the public order enforcement officers must intervene immediately to protect the teams and officials.

38.2.5 All other areas, including entrances, exits, hallways, dressing rooms, etc., come under the jurisdiction of the organising body of the competition and the public order enforcement officers.

38.2.6 Physical actions by players or team bench personnel which could lead to damaging of game equipment must not be permitted by the officials.When behaviour of this nature is observed by the officials, the coach of the offending team shall be given a warning.Should the action(s) be repeated, a technical foul shall immediately be called on the individual(s) involved.

38.3 Definition

38.3.1 A technical foul is a player non-contact foul of a behavioural nature including, but not limited to:

  • Disregarding warnings given by officials.
  • Disrespectfully touching the officials, the commissioner, the table officials or the team bench personnel.
  • Disrespectfully communicating with the officials, the commissioner, the table officials or the opponents.
  • Using language or gestures likely to offend or incite the spectators.
  • Baiting an opponent or obstructing his vision by waving his hands near his eyes.
  • Excessive swinging of elbows.
  • Delaying the game by deliberately touching the ball after it passes through the basket or by preventing a throw-in from being taken promptly.
  • Falling down to fake a foul.
  • Hanging on the ring in such a way that the weight of the player is supported by the ring, unless a player grasps the ring momentarily following a dunk shot or, in

the judgement of an official, is trying to prevent injury to himself or to another player.

  • Goaltending during a last or only free throw by a defensive player. One (1) point shall be awarded to the offensive team, followed by the technical foul penalty charged against the defensive player.

38.3.2 A technical foul by team bench personnel is a foul for disrespectfully communicating with or touching the officials, the commissioner, the table officials or the opponents, or an infraction of a procedural or an administrative nature.

38.3.3 A coach shall be disqualified when:

  • He is charged with two (2) technical fouls ('C') as a result of his personal unsportsmanlike behaviour.
  • He is charged with three (3) technical fouls, either all of them ('B') or one of them ('C'), as a result of the unsportsmanlike behaviour of other team bench personnel.

38.3.4 If a coach is disqualified under Art. 38.3.3 , that technical foul shall be the only foul to be penalised and no additional penalty for the disqualification shall be administered.

38.4 Penalty

38.4.1 If a technical foul is committed:

  • By a player, a technical foul shall be charged against him as a player foul and shall count as one of the team fouls.
  • By team bench personnel, a technical foul shall be charged against the coach and shall not count as one of the team fouls.

38.4.2 Two (2) free throws shall be awarded to the opponents, followed by:

  • A throw-in at the centre line extended, opposite the scorer’s table.
  • A jump ball in the centre circle to start the first period.